Despite initial Ramon imperial hostility, Christianity spread though the efforts of missionaries and merchants through many parts of Afro-Eurasia, and eventually gained Roman imperial support by the time of the emperor Constantine.
Much of the success of empires rested on their promotion of trade and economic integration by building and maintaining roads and issuing currencies. In doing so, they built powerful military machines and administrative institutions that were capable of organizing human activities over long distances, and they created new groups of military and political elites to manage their affairs.
Other religious and cultural traditions and continued parallel to the codified, written beliefs systems in core civilizations. The core ideas in Greco-Roman philosophy and science emphasized logic, empirical observation and the nature of political power and hierarchy.
It reached Korea in the fourth century, and then it spread to Thailand, Cambodia, Japan. Religious and cultural traditions were transformed as they spread including Chinese culture, Christianity, Hinduism, and Buddhism.
Artistic expressions, including literature and drama, architecture, and sculpture, show distinctive cultural developments. Ancestor veneration persisted in many regions such as in Africa, the Mediterranean region, East Asia or the Andean areas. Land and water routes linked many regions of the Eastern Hemisphere, while somewhat later separate networks connected the peoples and societies of the Americas.
In expanding boundaries to far, they created political, cultural and administrative difficulties that they could not manage.
As the early states and empires grew in number, size and population, they frequently competed for resources and came in conflict with one another. Alongside the trade in goods, exchanges in people, technology, religious and cultural beliefs, food crops, domesticated animals and disease pathogens developed across far-flung networks of communication and exchange.
Through excessive mobilization of resources, imperial government caused environmental damage such as deforestation, desertification, soil erosion or silted rivers and generated social tensions and economic difficulties by concentrating too much wealth in the hands of elites.
Moche -Many empires spanned the world at the same time 2. In quest of land, wealth, and security, some empires expanded dramatically. The core beliefs outline in the Sanskrit scriptures formed the basis of the verdict religions often known as Hinduism that show some influence of Indo-European traditions in the development of the social and political roles of a caste system and in the importance of multiple manifestations of the Brahma to promote teachings of reincarnations.
A religion that spreads worldwide and its main mission is to diffuse. New belief systems and cultural traditions emerged and spread, often asserting universal truths. Much of this trade resulted from the demand for raw materials and luxury goods. Buddhism spread to Nepal, Tibet, and China where it grew slowly alongside Chinese religions, by the ninth century, Buddhism was well established in China and spreading to neighboring countries, too!.
As these empires expanded their boundaries, they also faced the need to develop policies and procedures to govern their relations with ethnically and culturally diverse populations: New technologies such as yokes, saddles or stirrups permitted the use of domesticated pack animals such as horses, oxen, llamas or camels to transport goods across longer routes.
Shamanism and animism continued to shape the lives of people within and outside of core civilizations, because of their daily reliance on the natural world.
From Sunset to Sunset 2. The social structures of all empires displayed hierarchies that included cultivators, laborers, slaves, artisans, merchants, elites, and caste groups. Exchanges of people, technology, religious and cultural beliefs, food crops, domesticated animals and disease pathogens developed alongside the trade in goods across far-flung networks of communication and exchange -Exchange of people and items were common 2.
Qin and Han dynasties C.
The number and size of imperial societies grew dramatically by imposing political unity on areas where there had previously been competing states. In order to organize their subjects the rulers created administrative institutions including centralized governments, elaborate legal systems, and bureaucracies such as in China, Persia, Rome or South Asia.
The core beliefs preached by the historic Buddha and recorded by his followers into sutras and other scriptures were in part a reaction to the Vedic beliefs and rituals dominant in South Asia. They also experience environmental, social and economic problems when they over-exploited their lands and subjects and permitted excessive wealth to concentrate in the hands of privileged classes.
Literature and drama acquired distinctive forms such as Greek tragedy or Indian epics that influenced artistic developments in neighboring regions and in later time periods such as in Athens, Persia, or South Africa.
Imperial societies relied on a range of labor systems to maintain the production of food and provide rewards for the loyalty of the elites including corvee, slavery, rents and tributes, peasant communities and family and household production.
Land and water routes created trans-regional trade, communication and exchange networks in the Eastern Hemisphere, while somewhat later separate networks connected the peoples and societies of the Americas.
Maurya and Gupta Empires D. A spread of crops, including sugar, rice, and cotton from south Asia to the Middle East encouraged changes in farming and irrigation techniques such as the development of the qanat system.That's easy — it's the best way to study for AP classes and AP exams!
StudyNotes offers fast, free study tools for AP students. Our AP study guides, practice tests, and notes are the best on the web because they're contributed by students and teachers like yourself. 2. Islam. As with other major world religions/belief systems, you will need to know the fundamental beliefs of Islam, as well as the significance of the religion in terms of its cultural, social, and political impact on its followers.
A secularizing system of scientific and philosophic thought that developed in the period B.C.E. to B.C.E.; it emphasized the power of education and human reason to. All of the major religions (except for Islam) take hold during this time, which begins with the rise of the Classical civilizations; 3 major classical civilizations: Rome, India, and China, much of what happens during this time period centers on these three locations.
- AP World History Unit 2 Study Guide introduction.? Religious and political authority often merged as rulers, some considered divine, use religion, along with military and legal structures, to justify their rule and ensure its continuation.
Don't forget to review the rubrics on the Essay Skills page! Keep Your Focus on THE BIG PICTURE!!! THE "BLITZ" - World History in 3 pages!?!? Bulliet (our Old Textbook) summaries in MP3 format (for you auditory learners) REVISIT & REVIEW THE WEB PAGES FOR PERIOD 1, PERIOD 2, PERIOD 3, PERIOD 4, PERIOD 5, & PERIOD 6.Download