However, they draw the line between classes at different percentages. Although these organizations do not hold Language planning power, they influence government planning decisions, such as with educational materials, affecting acquisition.
National language academies may oversee one or more phases of the language planning process. Linguists can properly participate in the needs assessment stage to determine if the languages or dialects chosen adequately address Language planning problem.
Although written language is often viewed as secondary to spoken language, the vocabularygrammatical structures and phonological structures of a language often adopt characteristics in the written form that are distinct from the spoken variety.
CAL believes that language diversity should be seen as an asset, not a problem. This stylistic expansion makes possible the formulation of governmental documents in the planned language.
Language planners in Peru have proposed several varieties to serve as the supradialectal spoken norm. A unified variety of the language is established, if necessary.
French in France and Turkish in Turkey Joint official language e. Responses that reduce linguistic diversity include: Standardization[ edit ] The process of Standardization often involves one variety of a language taking precedence over other social and regional dialects of a language.
Kaplan and Richard B. Katakana is designed for a language with a basic CV syllable structurebut Ainu contains many CVC syllables that cannot easily be adapted to this syllabary. First, he creates three sub-types of official functions: These stages are sometimes referred to as "status planning" and include: Other legislation, such as the proposed English Language Amendment to the U.
Language planners generally focus on creating new lists and glossaries to describe new technical terms, but it is also necessary to Language planning that the new terms are consistently used by the appropriate sectors within society. After the creation of grammars and dictionaries in Language planning 18th century, the rise of print capitalismindustrializationurbanizationand mass education led to the dissemination of this dialect as the standard norm for the English language.
Despite its low prestige, Quechua is still spoken by millions of indigenous Peruvians, a large portion of whom are bilingual in Quechua and Spanish.
Problems[ edit ] Although acquisition planning can be useful to governments, there are several problems that must be considered. The standardization process began when William Caxton introduced the printing press in England in CAL is committed to making significant contributions to the dialogue and debate about language planning and policy with the goal of expanding language choices and widening the context within which language policy decisions are made.
Characteristics or criteria of a "good" language are established. The program implementation was mostly left to the individual schools, which did not consistently carry it out. French in Quebec  Wider communication — A language of wider communication is a language that may be official or provincial, but more importantly, functions as a medium of communication across language boundaries within a nation e.
Hindi in India; Swahili language in East Africa  International — An international language functions as a medium of communication across national boundaries e. In general, loanwords from other languages are considered only when there are no possibilities to develop the word through existing Quechua structures.
This is NOT a government sponsored or government sanctioned site.Language planning definition, the development of policies or programs designed to direct or change language use, as through the establishment of an official language, the standardization or modernization of a language, or the development or alteration of a writing system.
See more. Language planning is official, government-level activity concerning the selection and promotion of a unified administrative language or languages. It represents a coherent effort by individuals, groups, or organizations to influence language use or development. Language policy and planning decisions.
Language dimension (Status planning and acquisition planning) Name: Fakhrurrazi Abstract Language planning is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure, or acquisition of a language or language variety within a speech community.
language planning, an ideal language planning program, aims of language planning, types and levels of language planning, the role of the linguist in language planning, language planning surveys, implementation and evaluation of language planning, bilingual education, and educational policy.
(RW). The language of goals, objectives and strategies If it is your task to draft a strategic plan, you will be faced with the interminable problem of writing goals, objectives and strategies.
0. Language planning: theory and practice The present report consists of case studies of language planning in different regions of the world.Download