Harms of Price Discrimination: The market mechanism is nevertheless very useful for co-ordinating economic activity among economic participants, because prices and changes in prices convey information about preferences of consumers and conditions of production faced by suppliers.
Thus people are unable to equate marginal benefit with marginal cost. It does not reveal whether the level of marginal cost is due to superior technology or the result of obsolete methods of production.
For price discrimination to exist the following conditions must be satisfied: As a result, the payer too, eventually does not want to pay, because of the so-called free rider problem. Seventh, the sole manufacturer of a product may adopt a limit pricing policy in order to prevent the entry of new firms.
Though interesting, this measure of monopoly power has many limitations. Fifth, there may be government owned and regulated monopolies such as postal services, water and sewer systems of municipal corporations, etc.
They can fail to organise economic activity in a socially desirable fashion. Suppose a the government levies a specific tax which being a variable cost to the monopoly firm tends to shift the cost curves upward to AC1 and MC1. Firstly, public goods are non-exclusive. If the demand for his product is highly elastic, he can sell more by a small reduction in price.
An oligopolistic market can be defined as a market structure where there are a few dominant firms which are rivals to each other, each producing either homogeneous or differentiated products, while a monopoly can be defined as one dominant firm producing a highly differentiated good with no close substitutes.
He is also a price- maker who can set the price to his maximum advantage. But one may have under utilisation on its existing plant and equipment while the other may show underinvestment.
Fourthly, discrimination is also based on the time of service. In this case, the monopolist is able to shift a part of the tax burden to consumers in the form of higher price and a smaller output of the product. For the same variety of shoes and clothes, different buyers are also charged different prices because individual buyers are not in a position to know the price being charged to others.
This analysis is based on the following conditions: Price discrimination means, charging different prices from different customers or for different units of the same product. The monopolist divides this output between the two markets by equating the marginal cost QTE with the marginal revenue of each market.
We may conclude that under price discrimination the monopolist sells his product in two separate markets with different elasticities of demand so that he maximises his profits when he sells more at a lower price in the foreign market with elastic demand and sells less at a higher price in domestic market with less elastic demand.
Markets are not infallible. Third, a natural monopoly enjoyed by a firm when it supplies the entire market at a lower unit cost due to increasing economies of scale, just as in the supply of electricity, gas, etc.
If the market demand conditions lower the price from MP downward, the monopolist will temporarily stop production. Thus OF output will be produced for sale in the two markets. Types of Price Discrimination 7.First and foremost, one of the major reasons causes market failure would be externalities.
It can be defined as an act of a person that caus. Explain the Main Sources of Monopoly Power. In: Business and Management Submitted By the purpose of this essay is to provide a (more or less) detailed overview over the sources and limits of the power of multinational corporations (MNCs).
a firm with at least 25% of the market share can already be considered as a. Market failure is the failure of the free market to allocate goods in an efficient manner.
In a free market economy, there are many types of market failure. This economics paper focuses on three main types of market failure, namely: externalities, both positive and negative, public goods, and imperfect competition in the market.
The Causes of Market Failure Essay Sample. This is another source of market failure which is similar in nature to the problem posed by the commons. These category of goods of free market, whether perfect or imperfect will underproduce or may not produce at all.
If the monopoly continues to persist in the long term, then it may.
Monopoly Power and Government Intervention 1. Introduction One of the reasons for the formation of monopolies is the case where a certain organization has exclusive ownership of a rare resource.
Monopolies are also formed in cases where the government accords an organization monopoly status. Essay on Monopoly Market | Micro Economics. Article Shared by. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this essay we will discuss about monopoly market.
After reading this essay you will learn about: 1. Essay on the Sources and Types of Monopoly Essay on Monopoly Price Determination Essay on the Degree of Monopoly Power – Its Measure.Download